really should be treated Together with the very same regard as extreme sporting activities, with the two respect as well as the demand from customers that practitioners teach them selves and observe the upper-hazard activities to lower hazard.|The increase of Smer in Slovakia, such as, was partly as a result of The large economical help the social gathering gained from wealthy businessmen, including Juraj Siroky and Vladimir Lousy, who felt they were denied their "reasonable" share of public contracts.|#smer #inshaat #smerbaku #mashinlar #yukmashinlari #traktor #ekskavator #avtocar #tractor #autos #Dozer #komatsu #volvo #Bomag #Jcb #smerinfo|? This menu's updates are depending on your activity. The information is barely saved locally (on the Pc) and in no way transferred to us. You may click these links to crystal clear your history or disable it.|A lot of All those engaged in long-term BDSM associations uncovered their competencies from greater BDSM businesses and communities.|#smer #?�세�?#?�향 #?�향??#slave #?�레?�브 #?�예 #degradee #?�그?�이??#femalesub#?�브|?�We think about it to get an issue with the coalition in addition to a difficulty and obligation from the key minister,??he reported.|In Pompeii, a whip-mistress figure with wings is depicted within the wall with the Villa of Mysteries, as Component of an initiation of a youthful lady into the Mysteries. The whip-mistress part drove the sacred initiation of ceremonial death and rebirth.|As a result, Korea?�s most important asset still proceeds to be K-Pop as K-Pop entertainment businesses proceed to seek out new expertise. Most of these K-Pop providers/companies need to extend beyond Korea and into other Asian markets together with The usa. Several of the richest K-pop Idols commenced out as lovers ahead of pursuing their dream. Individuals all over the globe want K-Pop more than at any time.|The truth is, searching again on Dice Enjoyment?�s background you may say their just a list strike was BEAST. It's possible they need to consider restructuring their organization model in regards to controlling their artists.|bdsm anal bdsm Excessive bdsm gangbang lesbian bdsm bdsm slave bdsm orgasm german bdsm japanese bdsm bdsm squirt brutal bdsm bdsm lesbian torture bdsm asian bdsm teenager bdsm bbw bdsm beginner bdsm ebony bdsm french bdsm anal bdsm home made bdsm All types Totally free Porn Videos|it?�s not Formal! SM has not yet released an announcement along with the source Having said that she left is rather dodgy.|bronchoscopic smear, reduce respiratory tract smear, sputum smear - any of several cytologic smears received from unique parts of the reduced respiratory tract; useful for cytologic examine of most cancers and also other illnesses from the lungs|The heights with the NCT Dream associates weren?�t updated for a while on this profile (they ended up only updated over the NCT and NCT Dream profile) so many thanks with the heads up, I updated their heights on this profile as well.}
There are various modalities to solve the situation and in this way the final authorized solution that may do no superior to the staff will probably be prevented," mentioned Pece Ristevski, president of SMER.
Moser's effects are even more supported by a 2008 Australian examine by Richters et al. around the demographic and psychosocial options of BDSM members. The research found that BDSM practitioners ended up no a lot more likely to have expert sexual assault as opposed to Manage team, and were no more likely to sense sad or nervous. thrilled to become signing up for forces with Huge Strike, an organization that?�s spearheading the Korean leisure market. This will mark a possibility for progress for equally the label?�s artists and entire staff members members.|A sample, as of blood or bacterial cells, spread thinly on the slide and usually stained for microscopic examination or applied to the surface of the society medium.|S NIKOLOU DO ŠATŮ #marriage #overall body #live #Activity #thought #snikoloudosatu #tabataworkout #tabata #mysl #fresh #nomakeupmakeup #rezim #exercise session #smer #start off|Indexes: Index quotes may very well be real-time or delayed as per Trade specifications; check with time stamps for information on any delays. Resource: FactSet|hendery includes a sister, when he was uncovered she posted with a chinese Internet site (maybe weibo?) regarding how she?�s proud of him And the way he?�s the main idol from macau|Buyers have to shell out close awareness to SM Energy (SM) inventory according to the movements in the choices sector these days.|Among the list of oldest graphical proofs of sadomasochistic things to do is located in the Etruscan Tomb with the Whipping in close proximity to Tarquinia, which dates to your 5th century BC. Inside the tomb, there is a fresco which portrays two men who flagellate a girl that has a cane plus a hand for the duration of an erotic circumstance. An additional reference associated with flagellation is to be located in the sixth ebook in the Satires of The traditional Roman Poet Juvenal (1st??nd century A.|? This menu's updates are dependant on your action. The data is simply saved locally (on the Laptop) and in no way transferred to us. You are able to simply click these back links to distinct your record or disable it.|A vicious Twitter smear campaign versus the Harry Potter writer may are the function of top secret agents, suggests a single British pol.|BTS is usually a 7 member boy band and they may have presently bought numerous albums as well as their YouTube films are several of the most-watched videos on Youtube. BTS was not an right away sensation. They debuted in 2013. Hence they've got labored challenging And eventually broke out globally in 2019.|Would you prefer to add some words, phrases or translations? Post a different entry. Compile a fresh entry driven by|There are actually anecdotal stories of people willingly currently being sure or whipped, being a prelude to or substitute for intercourse, through the 14th century. The medieval phenomenon of courtly like in all of its slavish devotion and ambivalence has been instructed by some writers to generally be a precursor of BDSM.|Even so, In line with SM, Jung had unilaterally informed them in early spring that she would depart the group soon after another album. But right before agreements may very well be manufactured, she had set up her independent organization, which brought about complications for the group's professional schedules. This prompted management to begin selling Women' Era as eight members as opposed to nine, Using the intention of announcing the news; on the other hand, Jung had previously "posted her individual point of view??|Oil stocks begun the 7 days on fireplace right after OPEC and its companions agreed to increase their Original source reduction amount till the top of July.|So, you're a true BDSM pervert. Just go and satisfy your lust; with BDSM sex tube films, where by you will see many pain and bondaging.|alimentary tract smear - any of quite a few cytologic smears acquired from distinct elements of the alimentary tract; obtained by specialized lavage strategies and used mostly to diagnose most cancers in Individuals parts|blood - smear with blood, as within a hunting initiation rite, in which the face of somebody is smeared with the blood of your destroy|Yang Hyun-suk the founding father of YG Amusement stepped down mainly because of the a lot of sexual intercourse and drug scandals at YG. He can be being seemed into allegations he provided intercourse companies for foreign traders back again in 2016.}
My Buddy experienced went to the SM party last evening; that's why they stayed household today mainly because it can be a tiring action. to modify concerning dominant and submissive roles??and a|along with a|as well as a|plus a|and also a|in addition to a} smaller sized minority identified with the dominant part completely.|, "The neglected inventor in the fluffernutter sandwich," two May perhaps 2020 These example sentences are chosen mechanically from various on the internet information resources to replicate current usage on the phrase 'smear.|China is among the leaders while in the tunes streaming House. Tencent Music Entertainment has close to 900 million regular monthly people throughout 4 of the best new music service platforms in China.}
With SISTAR resigned and onboard, Starship will seem to nurture their specific capabilities for likely solo Occupations. pretty incorrect if we behaved wholly in another way now,??he famous.|Nevertheless, with many of the K-pop scandals that YG confronted in 2018, JYP and SM are now battling it out for the second location. For this ranking we at Seoulz took into account four elements:|You will discover 34 military information accessible for the final title Smer. With the veterans among the your Smer ancestors, military services collections give insights into where by and after they served, and perhaps Bodily descriptions.|Some lessons are restricted to specified teams of scholars and they are unavailable for on the net registration; thus, they can't be included to the Course Cart.|In British law, consent is an absolute protection to common assault, but not essentially to precise bodily damage, where by courts could decide that consent will not be valid, as transpired in the case of R v Brown. Accordingly, consensual things to do inside the U.K. might not constitute "assault occasioning true or grievous bodily hurt" in regulation. The Spanner Belief states this is described as activities which have triggered injury "of a lasting nature" but that only a slight duration or injury may be deemed "Long lasting" in legislation.}
One of several Medical professionals came out from the tent in a bloodstained apron, holding a cigar concerning the thumb and little finger of 1 of his little bloodstained hands, so as never to smear it.??while in the assertion: she is crrently the maknae of SM|Price ranges of cryptocurrencies are really risky and may be impacted by external components like fiscal, regulatory or political events. Trading on margin boosts the money challenges.|mistake, fault, blunder - a Mistaken motion attributable to poor judgment or ignorance or inattention; "he created a nasty blunder"; "she was swift to point out my problems"; "I could recognize his English Regardless of his grammatical faults"|Smer je namenjen učenicima koji imaju sklonosti ka novim digitalnim tehnologijama, svima onima koji vole računare i igrice, programiranje i dizajniranje, onima koji razmišljaju kako funkcioniše internet, umrežavanje računara i kako da računarske mreže učine bezbednijim.|We've loads of weird water torment BDSM intercourse films with sizzling teenagers being drowned, choked and introduced around the verge of shuddering orgasms by their dominant masters. In this article yow will discover spectacular mistresses lined in latex facesitting their slaves, smothering them, torturing their massive dicks And at last making them cum like volcanoes. You will find HD porn tube video clips with nude slave babes remaining tied up and drilled with brutal dildos to hardcore squirting orgasms. This area is full of huge boobies being spanked and whipped to bruises and red marks. Watch the kinkiest BDSM porn movies with black babes, sensual Latinas, experienced MILFs and gorgeous Asian bitches. No-one can get away and keep away from his hardcore BDSM punishment for the viewing and jerking pleasure.|If we get complaints about people who choose more than a thread or Discussion board, we reserve the appropriate to ban them from your website, with out recourse.|In keeping with Part 194 in the German felony code, the charge of insult (slander) can only be prosecuted Should the defamed human being chooses to press rates. Wrong imprisonment may be charged Should the victim?�when implementing an goal see??can be|may be|could be|might be|is often|is usually} regarded as being impaired in his or her legal rights of totally free movement. In line with Part 228, somebody inflicting a bodily injury on An additional individual with that individual's authorization violates the regulation only in scenarios the place the act might be deemed to possess violated good morals Despite permission getting been given.|One of the more normally utilised symbols in the BDSM community is usually a derivation of a triskelion shape in just a circle. Different forms of triskele have experienced numerous takes advantage of and plenty of meanings in several cultures; its BDSM utilization derives from the Ring of O from the vintage book Tale of O.}
Sex, nudity and painful torture acts done at general public BDSM gatherings such as Folsom Road Reasonable in United states have already been accused of becoming against the law, even though the functions are promoted through the nearby administration and police, and all functions are carried out with consent.
Community expertise in a person's BDSM Life-style might have devastating vocational and social consequences for sadomasochists. A lot of confront significant Specialist effects[a hundred and twenty] or social rejection When they are uncovered, possibly voluntarily or involuntarily, as sadomasochists.??he can decide to date for presidential election," thirteen Could 2020 The disastrous rollout of this latest smear has experienced the ironic influence of highlighting the weak point of the original charges versus him. ??Matthew Continetti, Nationwide Overview|A particular scene takes put within the final conventions and etiquette of BDSM, for example needs for mutual consent and agreement concerning the limits of any BDSM exercise. This arrangement may be included into a formal contract.|Amount of shares which might be presently held by buyers, like restricted shares owned by the corporate's officers and insiders along with those held by the general public.|"Dominance and submission" (also called D&s, Ds or D/s) is usually a set of behaviors, customs and rituals relating to the providing and accepting of Charge of one particular individual in excess of An additional within an erotic or lifestyle context.|Stocks: Serious-time U.S. stock quotations mirror trades described as a result of Nasdaq only; detailed quotations and quantity reflect buying and selling in all markets and are delayed no less than 15 minutes.}
Operation Spanner during the U.K. proves that BDSM practitioners even now run the chance of being stigmatized as criminals. In 2003, the media coverage of Jack McGeorge confirmed that simply collaborating and dealing in BDSM aid groups poses dangers to at least one's occupation, even in nations around the world in which no law restricts it. You??|Good day John. Ever contemplate updating this information or create about emerging or new artist administration businesses, like Story J Corporation. Would like to take a look at how some businesses merged or collaborated. Thanks.|BDSM is considered by some of its practitioners for being a sexual orientation.[one hundred forty four] The BDSM and kink scene is much more typically viewed as a various pansexual Group. Normally this is a non-judgmental Neighborhood in which gender, sexuality, orientation, Choices are acknowledged as is or worked at to be a little something a person may be happy with.|This is a WECM Course Number. Program Description: Topics address recently discovered latest gatherings, skills, understanding, and/or attitudes and behaviors pertinent into the know-how or occupation and pertinent for the professional enhancement of the coed. This system may be repeated if matters and Mastering outcomes differ. (one Lec.)|two : materials smeared on a floor (as of a microscopic slide) also : a planning made by smearing product on a surface area a vaginal smear|, "Jussie Smollett's Felony Charges Have already been Dropped," 26 Mar. 2019 Two slices of white bread thickly smeared with peanut butter as well as a spread comprised of corn syrup, sugar, egg whites, and vanilla flavoring amounted to tiny greater than a sickly-sweet mushy mess. ??News Corp is a community of major businesses inside the worlds of diversified media, information, education, and data expert services|BDSM encompasses an array of fetish tactics centered on domination and submission. Slaves endure bondage, painful spankings and canings, humiliations each private and non-private, and much more for that satisfaction of their qualified and infrequently sadistic masters and mistresses.|health care : an incredibly modest sample of anything (for instance pores and skin or blood) that somebody examines with a microscope|When autocomplete outcomes can be obtained expend and down arrows to assessment and enter to pick out. Contact device consumers, explore by touch or with swipe gestures.|In D/s, the dominant is the highest and the submissive is the bottom. In S/M, the sadist is frequently the best as well as the masochist The underside, but these roles are frequently much more challenging or jumbled (as in the situation of being dominant, masochists who may possibly prepare for his or her submissive to execute S/M activities on them).|In Italian law, BDSM is correct about the border concerning criminal offense and legality, and every little thing lies within the interpretation on the lawful code with the choose. This idea is always that any one willingly leading to "harm" to a different individual is always to be punished. In this context, although, "damage" is legally defined as "something leading to a issue of disease", and "disease" is sick-defined itself in two different lawful means. The main is "any anatomical or purposeful alteration with the organism" (As a result technically like tiny scratches and bruises as well); the second is "an important worsening of the earlier situation related to organic and relational processes, demanding virtually any therapy".|Within our organization, we invest lots of time educating trainees about lifestyle being an artist, which includes social media. Following we offer steerage, we prefer to Enable artists be, and go away a window open up for them to talk to the business nearly anything they need.|Thanks for the information, and sorry for your late reply, there was tranquil some complex troubles taking place, so many the function continues to be delayed. =/|K-pop remains larger than ever. It is growing everyday not only in Asia but all around the globe. In addition, K-pop Enjoyment businesses are reporting all-time high earnings and pop teams are receiving worldwide exposure. In 2019, BTS carried out on SNL which produced them the main Korean musical performer about the display.|The review more goes on to record three areas that produced the profitable relationships operate: early disclosure of pursuits and continued transparency, a dedication to non-public progress, and the use of the dominant/submissive roles to be a Software to maintain the connection.|The place for all of your interest and needs with reference to every thing SM (Korean) linked. Share and join amid fellow fans of your mega Amusement corporation, who made a lasting effect on the Korean pop songs culture.|Strappado with rope and also a spreader bar. This practice has a distinct result of immobilization and soreness.|Partners had been normally of a similar mind of whether or not they were being within an ongoing marriage, but in such cases, The underside was not locked up continuously, but that their role from the context of the relationship was always existing, even if the top was doing non-dominant things to do for example family chores, or The underside currently being in a more dominant posture. In its summary the examine states:}
Many thanks for the suggestion, but it surely?�s far better if you make the ask for right here: due to the fact we usually acquire those requests to start with, because it?�s simpler to retain the keep track of of them that way. Wikipedia web pages into smear screeds, voting Medical professionals??critiques on Google and other web pages down into oblivion, doxxing Medical professionals and experts, and in some cases issuing Dying threats. ??Megan Molteni, Wired|In the course of the last several years, the web also delivers a central platform for networking amongst people who have an interest in the subject. Moreover numerous personal and professional options, There exists an ever-increasing number of area networks and assist groups emerging.|??Your 1st memory: ??I was|I used to be|I had been} from the water, I observed my dad and my brother endeavoring to choose me out of your water??cervical smear, Pap smear, Papanicolaou smear - a sample of secretions and superficial cells of your uterine cervix and uterus; examined having a microscope to detect any abnormal cells|#likeforlikes #follow4follow #likelike #followme #like4me #likethis #followers #likeme #like #likefor#likeforashoutout#likeforlikeback#smer#boh#me#mipiace#Lady#Girl#girls#Photograph#quarantena|You should Take note that the vocabulary objects During this record are only accessible On this browser. Upon getting copied them towards the vocabulary trainer, they are available from in all places. Ok|Next Procedure Spanner, the ecu Court docket of Human Legal rights dominated in January 1999 in Laskey, Jaggard and Brown v. Uk that no violation of Posting 8 happened because the level of physical or psychological harm that the legislation permits in between any two persons, even consenting Grown ups, is always to be determined by the jurisdiction the people live in, as it's the Point out's obligation to harmony the fears of community wellness and nicely-being with the level of Handle a State should be permitted to work out in excess of its citizens.|Gimnaziju ?�Stefan Nemanja??upisao sam sa predznanjem iz programiranja koje sam stekao pohađajući različite kurseve, a škola mi je omogućila da nastavim tamo gde sam stao i da dopunim svoje znanje.|accuse, charge - blame for, make a declare of wrongdoing or misbehavior towards; "he charged the director with indifference"|??Although she still left smrookies and talked crap about sm enjoyment, she still indirectly greets koeun, hina, lami and yeri satisfied birthday on her instagram and twitter.|The phrase bondage describes the follow of Bodily restraint. Bondage is normally, but not often, a sexual exercise.[thirteen] Though bondage is usually a very talked-about variation throughout the larger sized area of BDSM, it's Nonetheless occasionally differentiated from the remainder of this discipline. A 2015 review of around one,000 Canadians confirmed that about 50 percent of all Guys held fantasies of bondage, and almost 50 percent of all Women of all ages did too.|A sulky cart drawn by a pony-Lady, an illustration of petplay for the Folsom Parade, 2005. She's putting on a little gag plus a neck collar, to which are connected a hoop of O in addition to a leash. To her nipples are attached bells. These symbols are indicative of her roleplaying a BDSM pet slave.|The worth to Earnings (P/E) ratio, a critical valuation evaluate, is calculated by dividing the stock's newest closing price tag through the sum from the diluted earnings for each share from continuing functions with the trailing 12 thirty day period period of time. Earnings For each Share (TTM)|Most conventional social etiquette principles continue to use when in a BDSM party, including not intimately touching anyone you do not know, not touching somebody else's possessions (such as toys), and abiding by gown codes.|Complications do at times come about in the area of self-classification by the person concerned. Through the period with the "coming-out", self-questioning connected to one's own "normality" is very frequent. In line with Moser, the discovery of BDSM preferences can lead to concern of the current non-BDSM connection's destruction. This, combined with the worry of discrimination in everyday life, leads occasionally to some double lifetime that may be really burdensome. At the same time, the denial of BDSM Tastes can induce worry and dissatisfaction with just one's personal "vanilla"-Life-style, feeding the apprehension of obtaining no spouse. Moser states that BDSM practitioners possessing troubles locating BDSM partners would probably have complications to find a non-BDSM companion as well. The would like to get rid of BDSM preferences is an additional achievable reason for psychological complications because it is not possible typically.|In late July 2009, three of your five original customers of SM Enjoyment boy team TVXQ ??Kim Jaejoong, Park Yoochun, and Kim Junsu ??applied to the Seoul Central District Court to research the validity of their deal with SM,[sixty three] because they felt the 13-yr deal was excessively extended Which earnings were not quite distributed to the customers,[sixty four] but contract destruction, they shall be compensated into the Employer by 3 times the full financial commitment quantity and two periods the normal financial gain throughout the remaining agreement interval.|This can be a WECM Study course Number. System Description: Career connected things to do encountered in the student''s place of specialization provided by way of an individualized settlement among the school, employer, and scholar.|As early as April 2020, party vice-chairman Peter Pellegrini announced his ambition to run for occasion chairman as the celebration's most favored politician, successful a hundred and seventy,000 extra votes compared to the chairman.  Robert Fico reacted strongly, declaring that he didn't plan to resign and required to stay at The pinnacle from the get together. Pellegrini slowly started to tighten his criticism with the Fico as well as party's situation. Pellegrini criticized the fact that the celebration's presidency CHAT had not met since the election and also the date in the parliament was unidentified. Pellegrini demanded that the assembly be held immediately, although Fico insisted that the nomination assembly take place only in a ceremonial assembly in December.  In a press conference in Banská Bystrica in June 2020, Pellegrini announced that he would resign as Vice-Chairman of the SMER-SD party and go away the bash during the in the vicinity of upcoming. He also outlined the institution of a whole new get together, which he stated should be social democratic, but refused to generally be liberal.|A servant of mine owning taken a resolution to no cost the place from this destroyer, went out sooner or later with two lances, and following he were some time in quest of him, discovered him along with his mouth all smeared While using the blood of a cow he had just devoured; The person rushed on him, and thrust his lance into his throat with this kind of violence that it arrived out amongst his shoulders; the beast, with 1 dreadful roar, fell down right into a pit, and lay struggling, until my servant despatched him.|#sebepoznani #zivotjeohledani #hledanisebesama #osobnirozvoj #cesta #smer #uvaha #zamysleni #run #bezci #rozvoj #ksobe|And she was speaking about her interest Which?�s actually disrespectful. She has no trouble Along with the srboys. She just ignores most concerns and opinions anout smrookies|The phrase sadomasochism is derived from the terms sadism and masochism. These terms differ to some degree from your same phrases Employed in psychology given that Those people demand which the sadism or masochism trigger major distress or involve non-consenting companions.[twenty] Sadomasochism refers to the elements of BDSM encompassing the Trade of Actual physical or emotional suffering. Sadism describes sexual enjoyment derived by inflicting suffering, degradation, humiliation on A different individual or producing Yet another person to suffer.}
Once i was 4 years aged my grandmother picked me up from university and took me home??Safewords are words and phrases or phrases which can be known as out when factors are possibly not likely as prepared or have crossed a threshold one particular cannot take care of. They are a little something equally events can remember and figure out and so are, by definition, not words and phrases commonly utilized playfully in the course of any sort of scene. Terms for example no, end, and don't, are frequently inappropriate being a safeword In case the roleplaying factor contains the illusion of non-consent.|Jo, repeating, "Ony you inform the young Girl as I under no circumstances went fur to hurt her and wot the genlmn ses!" nods and shambles and shivers, and smears and blinks, and half laughs and 50 % cries, a farewell to her, and can take his creeping way alongside right after Allan Woodcourt, close to the homes on the opposite facet of the road.|^ "Visegrád and migration: Handful of potential clients for any change in posture". EURACTIV. 16 January 2017. The government dominated by centre-still left get together SMER-SD has strongly framed the issue during the narrative of protection issue and challenge of cultural incompatibility of largely Muslim migrants.|At a person conclusion in the spectrum are those people who are indifferent to, as well as reject physical stimulation. At the opposite finish of your spectrum are bottoms who take pleasure in willpower and erotic humiliation but will not be prepared to be subordinate to the person who applies it. The underside is often the lover who specifies the basic problems from the session and provides Directions, specifically or indirectly, inside the negotiation, though the very best often respects this steering.|The next day, Jung released an announcement declaring that in August 2014 her fellow group users and SM were optimistic concerning the start of her style business enterprise, Blanc and Eclare.|Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands extra definitions and Innovative look for??ad|advertisement|advert} totally free!|The basic ideas for that exercise of BDSM need that it should be done Using the educated consent of all involved events. Because the eighties, a lot of practitioners and businesses have adopted the motto (at first from the statement of purpose of GMSMA?�a gay SM activist organization) "Protected, sane and consensual", typically abbreviated as "SSC", meaning that every little thing is based on Risk-free activities, that all contributors be of adequately seem/sane head to consent, and that each one individuals do consent.|Still left: A typical slave collar, together with ring for possible attachment of the leash. These collars are worn by bottoms on their own neck to be a image of possession to their masters. Right: The ring of O as a finger ring.|Hi! So umm, you've got accurately copied word by term the data that I wrote for the girls in my own phrases and did not have me credit rating. It'll be great if you'd probably for the reason that I wrote on my e book that if you may use these exactly term by term credit me. Thanks.|Melt somewhat of the ferrule cement and smear a bit about the suggestion with the rod, then thrust the agate down set up.}
as for woolim the following will be bomin from golden little one due to the fact he is like presently the very best man of the organization u must put bomin as an alternative to Y and likewise the improved there thought from refresh to captivating and Grownup}